Vishu 2019 Festival – Vishu Kani (Malayalam New Year) Significance, History, legends, practices, Customs and Rituals

Vishu 2019 Festival – Vishu Kani (Malayalam New Year) Significance, History, legends, practices, Customs and Rituals. Kerala New Year 2019 Story, Astrology, Date & time.

Vishu 2019 Festival

Vishu (Malayalam: വിഷു, “Bisu” in Tulu Language) is the Hindu new year festival celebrated in the Indian state of Kerala and nearby Tulunadu region of Coastal Karnataka. The festival follows the solar cycle of the lunisolar Hindu calendar as the first day of month called Medam. It therefore always falls in the middle of April in the Gregorian calendar on or about 14 April every year. The same day, many Hindus elsewhere observe new year as well but the festival is called Vaisakhi or other names.

Happy Vishu in Malayalam Language – വിഷു

കേരളത്തിലെ കാർഷികോത്സവമാണ്‌ വിഷു. മലയാളമാസം മേടം ഒന്നിനാണ്‌ വിഷു ആഘോഷിക്കുന്നത്‌. അടുത്ത ഒരു കൊല്ലത്തെ വർഷഫലത്തെ കുറിച്ചും ഇക്കാലയളവിൽ ജനങ്ങൾ ചിന്തിക്കുന്നു. വിഷുഫലം എന്നാണ്‌ ഇതിനു പറയുക. കേരളത്തിൽ മാത്രമല്ല അയൽ സംസ്ഥാനങ്ങളിൽ അതിർത്തിയോട് ചേർന്നു കിടക്കുന്ന പ്രദേശങ്ങളിലും വിഷു ആഘോഷിക്കാറുണ്ട്. ഭാരതത്തിലെ മിക്ക സംസ്ഥാനങ്ങളിലും സമാനമായ ആഘോഷങ്ങൾ ഉണ്ട്. എല്ലായിടത്തും ഭാരതത്തിൽ മുൻപ് നിലവിലിരുന്ന പഞ്ചാംഗം പ്രകാരമുള്ള വർഷാരംഭമാണ്‌ ഈ ദിനം[അവലംബം ആവശ്യമാണ്].
‘പൊലിക പൊലിക ദൈവമേ തൻ നെൽ പൊലിക’ എന്നും മറ്റുമുള്ള പുള്ളുവപ്പാട്ടും വിഷുവിന്റെ ഐശ്വര്യദായക സ്വഭാവത്തെയാണ്‌ കാണിക്കുന്നത്‌. വിഷുവിനു ചെയ്യുന്ന കാര്യങ്ങളുടെ ഫലങ്ങൾ അടുത്ത ഒരു കൊല്ലക്കാലം നിലനിൽക്കുന്നു എന്നാണ്‌ വിശ്വാസം.

Vishu Kani (Malayalam New Year) Date & Time

Vishu – Kerala New Year

A traditional Vishu kani setting with auspicious items and a small image of Hindu god Vishnu
Official nameVishu
Also calledMalayalam: വിഷു
Observed byMalayali and Tuluva Hindus
Typereligious, social
ObservancesVishu Kani, Vishukkaineetam, Vishukkanji, Kani konna, Vishupadakkam (fireworks)
Endsafter 24 hours
DateFirst day of Malayalam Calendar
2019 dateFri, 14 April | Mesha Sankranthi Moment : 02:17
2018 dateSun, 15 April
Related toBihu, Bwisagu, Baisakhi, Pohela Boishakh, Tamil Puthandu, Vishuva Sankranti


Vishu is celebrated with much fanfare and vigour in all parts of Kerala. The most important event in Vishu is the Vishukkani. Vishukkani means sighting the most auspicious thing at dawn on the Vishu day for being lucky throughout the year. Another famous ritual on Vishu is the Vishukkaineetam. Vishukkaineetam means gifting money to children, servants and tenants by elders of the family.

Vishu is also a day of feasting. The foods consist of equal proportions of salty, sweet, sour and bitter items. Feast items include Veppampoorasam (a bitter preparation of neem) and Mampazhapachadi (a sour mango soup). In some regions Vishu is also known as Malayalam New Year.

Vishu Astrology

Vishu signifies the Sun’s transit into first zodiac ‘Meda Raasi’ (Mesha or Aries), and is the astrological New Year day for people of Kerala. It also coincides with spring equinox in which sun crosses the equator, heading northward. An equinox is noted for the equal number of hours of daylight and darkness which describes the origin of the word ‘Vishu’ which in Sanskrit means ‘equal’. When sun crosses the equator it is the first day of Malayalam month Medam and is often confused with Solar New Year.


The day of Vishu is often considered as the first day of the Malayali Hindu calendar. Vishu signifies the sun’s transit into the Meda Raasi (first solar month).

Vishu (Malayalam New Year) History & legends

Vishu is believed to have been celebrated since 844 AD when the area was under the reign of Sthanu Ravi. This essentially means Vishu has been celebrated by Malayalis every year for the past 1,173 years. The Sun is said to rise straight from the East on Vishu.
On Vishu, Lord Vishnu and his avatar Lord Shri Krishna are worshipped. Lord Vishnu is seen as the God of Time and since Vishu marks the first day of the astronomical year, people pray to Lord Vishnu.

Shri Krishna, Lord Vishnu’s eighth incarnation, is said to have killed Narakasura on the day of Vishu. This could be the reason for people dressing up their kids as Krishna and keeping Krishna idols in the Vishu kani.

Another myth has it that it was only after Lord Ram killed Raavan, on a Vishu day, that the Sun had the guts to rise from the East.

Vishu Food & Recipes

Food is a special attraction on Vishu with Sadya — a mix of salty, sweet, sour and bitter items. Malayali women prepare a setting called Vishukkani — prolific with items such as rice, golden lemon, golden cucumber, coconut cut open, jack fruit, kanmashi Kajal, betel leaves, arecanut, metal mirror, golden yellow Konna flowers, holy Hindu texts, coins or currency notes, oil lamp, and an image of the Hindu God Vishnu. The elderly person in the house lights up the lamp at dawn and blindfolds each member to open their eyes to see the lamp first.